When an internal organ protrudes through the weakness in the muscle wall, the condition is known as a hernia. Commonly hernias develop in the groin and the abdomen area. It is also not uncommon to develop a hernia during pregnancy though it is not an immediate cause for concern. But if left untreated could lead to life-threatening complications. An individual who has a hernia already it is extremely important the issue is addressed first before getting pregnant. Hernias during pregnancy are caused by increased abdominal pressure due to the baby growing in the uterus. The hernia may require surgical intervention after childbirth.
Symptoms and signs
Painful bulge in the area
Pregnant women having an umbilical hernia have a painful bulge. This does not go away on its own. A small hole forms in the woman???s abdominal wall and the tissue pokes itself through the umbilical area. Appearing only during pregnancy, this type of a hernia is not a threat till the woman gets pregnant. Weight gain during pregnancy only adds to the stress and pressure weakening the abdominal wall even further and causing the hole to enlarge. This results in a bulge, pain and tenderness in the area. Most of the time, surgery is delayed till after childbirth.
Difficulty moving during pregnancy
When a pregnant woman develops a femoral hernia, they find it extremely difficult to move as the pregnancy advances. A bulge appears in the area below the groin and upper thigh. This is right near the femoral artery and several associated veins. Movement is limited, and the pregnant woman???s ability to ambulate is disrupted. It also occurs when pregnant women try to lift heavy objects. Considered as one of the most dangerous of all hernias blood supply to the intestine and the nearby organs are cut off, resulting in bacterial infection, gangrene and eventually death.
Tenderness in the area
A ventral hernia can occur in pregnant women at a previous surgical site, where an abdominal surgery has been conducted. Obese and pregnant women are prone to a ventral hernia. Pregnancy stretches the scar tissue formed due to a previous surgery. The tissue bulges out causing the abdominal wall to weaken. A part of the bowel or the intestine pushes its way the weak abdominal wall and a small hole is formed. Ventral hernias are visible when the patient is lying down and seem to disappear when the patient is standing. As pregnancy progresses, they increase in size.